Research


Biology teaches us how to be better engineers. Engineering helps us understand and manipulate biology.


Biological materials have an unparalleled ability to sense, process, and respond to their environment in real-time. The Raman Lab creates adaptive biological materials powered by assemblies of living cells for applications ranging from medicine to machines.

Currently, the Raman Lab is focused on understanding and engineering biological tissues that produce force and generate motion. Humans and other biological creatures navigate unpredictable and dynamic environments by combining the compliant actuation of skeletal muscle with neural control and sensory feedback. We use biological materials and engineering tools to assemble cells into living neuromuscular tissues. These tissues help us understand and manipulate the architecture and function of the biological motor control system in healthy, diseased, and hyper-natural states.

Work in our lab is broadly divided into three areas:

1) Neuromuscular cell and gene therapy for restoring mobility to those who have lost it after disease or trauma

2) Deploying neuromuscular tissues as functional, efficient, and responsive actuators in soft robots

3) Developing biofabrication tools that enable dynamic 4D assembly of complex multicellular tissues

Learn more by reading our publications.